How is immunotherapy administered?
There are two methods of administration:
*Subcutaneous or injectable methods
Subcutaneous methods consist of administration through subcutaneous routes, i.e., injections of an allergen (mites, pollen, fungus, epithelia, etc.), the substance causing the allergic process.
This treatment begins with the administration of the vaccine in increasing doses, starting the treatment with an initiation phase using the vial containing the least concentration, and continuing the administration in the maintenance phase with a maintenance dosage during the entire year or the period of time that the specialist recommends.
Vaccines by subcutaneous methods must be administered at a medical centre or hospital, always under strict control and medical supervision.
Although immunotherapy is a long-term treatment, improvement of the symptoms of the allergic disease is observed earlier.
Sublingual immunotherapy consists of administering the allergen through the sublingual mucous. This type of treatment requires correct fulfilment by the patient, since the administration is done daily by the patient in their home over a period of 3 to 5 years.
Vaccines administered by sublingual channels have the advantage of being able to be administered at home without the need to go to a medical centre since the treatments are very safe.